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Archbishop Chrysostomos of Etna (California, U.S.A.)

His Eminence, Archbishop Chrysostomos of Etna was born in California, U.S.A., in 1943.

Archbishop Chrysostomos holds undergraduate degrees in history and psychology from the University of California (B.A.) and the California State University (B.A., honors) and graduate degrees in Orthodox Studies, Byzantine history, and psychology from the Center for Traditionalist Orthodox Studies (Lic. Theol.), the University of California (M.A.), and Princeton University (M.A., Ph.D.), where, as a Preceptor in the department of psychology, he taught psychology and advised in statistics, while completing his doctorate. He held a professorial post, prior to becoming a monk, at the University of California and, after entering the monastic life, was a professor at Ashland University, a visiting lecturer at the Ashland Theological Seminary, and a visiting professor at the Theological Institute of the University of Uppsala (Sweden).

A former fellow of the National Endowment for the Humanities, His Eminence has been awarded, over the last several decades, visiting research appointments at the Harvard Divinity School, at Oxford University (as a Marsden Fellow), at the University of Washington, and at the Graduate Theological Union, Berkeley. He was also a Fulbright Scholar and Visiting Professor in Romania, where he taught Byzantine history, business administration and consumer psychology, and the theology of Orthodox Church art and architecture at the University of Bucharest, the Al. I. Cuza University in Iași, and the Ion Mincu University of Architecture and Urbanism in Bucharest. From 2002-2003, he was Executive Director of the U.S. Fulbright Commission in Romania for the U.S. Department of State.

Archbishop Chrysostomos’ most recent appoinment, in the Spring of 2006, was as the David B. Larson Fellow in Health and Spirituality at the John W. Kluge Center of the U.S. Library of Congress, in Washington, DC. He is at present Senior Scholar at the Center for Traditionalist Orthodox Studies and was, until 2005, an adjunct professor in the graduate program in church architecture at the Ion Mincu University in Bucharest. He is the author of some twenty books (under the imprint of Nordland Publishers, Peter Lang Publishing, the University Press of America, Holy Cross Orthodox Press, Hellenic College Press, the Center for Traditionalist Orthodox Studies, Editura Vremea, Editura Bunavestire, the Al. I. Cuza University Press, and the Ion Mincu University Press), as well as more than fifty articles in history, psychology, and Orthodox theology for refereed American and international scholarly and academic journals. He is also editor and chief translator of the first complete English text of the Evergetinos, the standard Greek collection of the sayings of the desert Fathers (Center for Traditionalist Orthodox Studies, 1988-2008). His newest books are A Guide to Orthodox Psychotherapy: The Science, Theology, and Spiritual Practice Behind It and Its Clinical Applications (Lanham, Boulder, New York, Toronto, and Plymouth, UK: University Press of America, 2006), (with Hieromonk Patapios) Manna From Athos: The Issue of Frequent Communion on the Holy Mountain in the Late Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries, Volume 2 in the Byzantine and Neohellenic Studies series, edited by Andrew Louth and David Ricks (Oxford: Peter Lang Publishing, 2006), Studiile Transdisciplinare şi Intellectualul Ortodox (Transdisciplinary Studies and the Orthodox Intellectual) [in Romanian] (Bucharest, Romania: Curtea Veche, 2009), A Tribute to the Erudition of Constantine Cavarnos, Vol. 5 in the series New Library (Belmont, MA: Institute for Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies, 2009), and God Made Man and Man Made God: Collected Essays on the Unique View of Man, the Cosmos, Grace, and Deification That Distinguishes Eastern Orthodoxy from Western Christianity (Belmont, MA: Institute for Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies, 2010).

His Eminence was Consecrated Bishop on 8 January 1986 (Old Style), as Bishop of Oreoi. On 30 September 1988 (Old Style) he was elected the first Bishop of the newly-established Diocese of Etna in California, U.S.A., and was enthroned on 22 May 1989 (Old Style). On 30 September 1995 (Old Style), the Holy Synod conferred on him the honorary title of “Archbishop.” He holds professional membership in the American Association of University Professors and the American Psychological Association.

Archbishop Chrysostomos served as Exarch for the Holy Synod in Resistance in America until October of 2012, when for reasons of health he asked to be relieved of his administrative duties, which have been assumed by His Grace, Bishop Auxentios of Photike, now Acting Exarch.

• Name Day: 13 November (St. John Chrysostomos)

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